The Global Shift in R&D Alliances: Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) and the Quest for the Base of the Pyramid (BOP) markets


PIs: Balaji Parthasarathy, Yuko Aoyama (Graduate School of Geography, Clark University)
Funding agency: National Science Foundation, USA,
Description: In this research study, we focus on the new geography of corporate R&D locations as a combined outcome of product development, innovation process, and organizational innovation. First, the growing interest among MNEs in the BOP market is a new yet under-researched theme in the geography of R&D decentralization. Second, how firms access and cultivate market intelligence in the innovation process remains surprisingly unknown, especially in the context of emerging markets. Finally, organizational innovation is observed in emerging economies, where MNEs are devising new ways to access market intelligence by forging alliances with NGOs. The emerging partnership between MNEs and NGOs has implications for both the economic and welfare potential of developing countries. Furthermore, it calls for an understanding of a newly emerging form of economic governance in which for-profit and non-profit entities increasingly interact in various dimensions of their operations.

CITAPP at IIIT Bangalore is an interdisciplinary think-tank set-up to focus on the policy challenges and the organizational demands made by technological innovation. Of particular interest to the Centre is how technological advances, along with institutional changes that harness the legitimacy and the powers of bureaucracies and market, address the needs of underserved communities.