Investigators: Preeti Mudliar
Started March 2017, Ongoing
Investigators: Bidisha Chaudhuri
Supported by IIITB Faculty Grant
This project examines firstly, how state is changing its position in identifying beneficiaries and in reaching out to those beneficiaries; secondly, how beneficiaries/citizens are coping with new requirement of getting a digital biometric ID and making themselves legible for welfare; and thirdly, how market and civil society organizations get involved in the above two processes. Drawing on secondary literature on governmentality and e-governance and primary research (interpretive case study method) on everyday practices around Aadhaar in two Indian states, this project shows how digital biometric IDs are changing the relationship between state, market and individual/society at large. The overall objective of this project is to underline the recursive relationship between technology and politics.
Started March 2017 upto April 2018
Investigators: Bidisha Chaudhuri
Supported by Rockefeller Foundation, administered by the Everett Program for Technology and Change at the University of California Santa Cruz.
Based on the Inclusive Economy Indicators developed in 2016, this project gathered empirical data in the context of India. The Indian case study was part of a 3 country study (including South Africa and Colombia) within previously developed measurement framework. This study engaged with a range of experts on inclusive economies in each context, and from these conversations developed advances in conceptual, measurement and process dimensions of creating more inclusive economies. The overall objective of the project was to provide country-specific insights into processes of inclusive growth.
April 2018- March 2019
Investigators: Bidisha Chaudhuri
Under Research Fellowship at Digital Identity Research Initiative (DIRI) funded by Omidyar Network and administered by Indian School of Business (ISB) Hyderabad
This proposed research will address the question if being a gender neutral system of identification, Aadhaar ecosystem create new barriers or reinforce existing barriers for women to participate in the welfare schemes?
Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Sarita Seshagiri
The concept of identity is one of the fundamental intersections between individuals and societies as also between citizens and states. There are multiple elements to identity. No single entity controls, issues, negates, validates or determines identities.
Multiplicity of identities challenges the advancement and standardization of digital services for transactions, service delivery and entitlements, as constructed and used by individuals.
The project involves examining identity from the perspective of individuals and households, transacting with multiple entities such as the state, or private actors and social groups.
For more details please visit: https://www.identitiesproject.com/
Started October 2015.
Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Elisa Oreglia (Lecturer, School of Oriental and African Studies, London)
This project has been awarded a research grant by the Institute for Money, Technology & Financial Inclusion (IMTFI) at the School of Social Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. The fieldwork for the project will take place in 2015-16 and will explore the roles played by financial intermediaries in agricultural markets in Myanmar and India. It will examine what value intermediaries bring to monetary and financial transactions on the one hand, and what value these transactions bring to the lives of intermediaries on the other. The project hopes to explain why promises of disintermediation languish and financial intermediaries persist in the digital age.
Read more at: http://www.imtfi.uci.edu/research/2015/srinivasan_oreglia_2015.php
July 2015 – July 2017.
Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Bidisha Chaudhuri
Supported by IDRC Information Networks Programme, administered by Singapore Internet Research Centre.
This project formulate a theoretical framework to analyse the phenomenon of learning among users of open information systems (OIS) in which learning is taken to be indicative of positive social transformation. Drawing on practice-based situated theories of learning and critical information studies, we study learning as an everyday practice that shapes individual identity which can be then leveraged to negotiate varied life situations beyond the immediate learning of how to use an OIS. Based on this understanding of learning, we develop a framework that critically examines different levels of learning associated with the open practices of production, distribution and consumption around an open initiative. We also suggest a role for communities of practice in enabling such learning. The broader objective of this framework is to unearth the different opportunities of learning (as development) that open practices provide which were hitherto unavailable to its users.
Read more at: http://www.sirca.org.sg/programs/about-sirca-iii/projects/
Started February 2015.
Investigator: V. Sridhar
This study is funded by the South Asia Network of Economic Research Institutes (SANEI) as a part of 16th Round Regional Research Competition.
Though there have been a number of studies on the impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on economic development, there is dearth of research on the impact of cross-border digital flows on economies of associated countries.
This project categorizes digital flows (inflow and outflow) as follows:
(i) the telephone calls and Internet traffic
(ii) value of Information Technology (IT) services provided across countries
(iii) investments in the ICT sectors across countries.
First, this study estimates the effects of the above digital flows on economic development across select low and upper middle income countries as defined by the World Bank. Next, this model is used to closely analyze the inter-country flows across the South Asian countries. A System Dynamics model is built to simulate various policy initiatives and their effect on trans-border digital flows. Based on the analysis, policy gaps will be identified and policy directives prescribed for improving trade based on digital flows across these countries.
Started January 2015.
Investigator: V. Sridhar
This study is funded by IIMA IDEA Telecom Center of Excellence (IITCOE).
To overcome the capacity constraints of radio resources, flexible spectrum management approaches have been advocated by many including the creation of secondary markets for radio spectrum. Secondary market transactions in spectrum involve trading (involving a transfer of property rights), leasing (involving a transfer of usage but not property rights), and sharing (involving non-exclusive assignment of a spectrum band).
The project aims at a comprehensive study of the non-exclusive use of spectrum in India using the following:
- Development and Empirical analysis of theoretical models
- Estimation of the value of unlicensed spectrum in India
- Study of Spectrum Management frameworks and international best practices
Started December 2014.
Investigators: Amit Prakash, Jillet Sarah Sam (IIT Kanpur), Gopal Naik (IIM Bangalore)
A consortium led by IIM Bangalore is implementing a tele-education programme entitled Satellite and Advanced Multimedia Education (SAME) in 1000 rural government and aided schools in Karnataka. SAME is aimed to address various obstacles that exist in the present government rural educational institutions by providing satellite-based live interactive quality training with multimedia content for rural students from Std. V to X. This research study, on which CITAPP is collaborating with IIMB aims to evaluate the extent to which students’ performance is affected by the tele-education intervention. The study is also concerned with challenges of technology management in rural areas in terms of institutional mechanisms, human resource capacities and issues of sustainability of technology-enabled rural public delivery systems.
Global innovation networks, regional variety and its impact on the innovativeness of firms and regions: The IT and new media industry in Sweden in a global comparative perspective
Started January 2014.
Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Mandar Kulkarni
Funded by the Wallenberg Foundations, this project focuses on the interplay between knowledge bases, regional variety and global innovation networks in a global perspective to understand how and explain why firms use global innovation networks (GINs) to innovate and to analyse the impact of the use of GINs for firms and regional dynamics. This project will contribute significantly to the understanding of the dynamics and processes behind the globalization of innovation. IIIT Bangalore is involved in this project as a partner in a multi-country consortium led by Lund University, Sweden.
Started January 2014.
Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Amit Prakash
This project aims to study the role of Indian engineers in the construction of modern India in a socio-historical perspective. Three main questions will direct this study. The first will look into the inter-linkages between the rapid development of the profession and the evolution of the stratification of the Indian society. The second axis of enquiry will analyse the role played by engineers in the economic development of the country. The last axis will study the recomposition of the professional group in the context of the globalization of the job market. IIIT Bangalore is involved in this research project, funded by ANR (L’Agence nationale de la recherche), as a consortium partner with other French and Indian higher education institutes. The specific strand being studied at CITAPP as a part of this research project involves the evolving interaction between the Information Technology industry and engineering education in India.
Read more at: http://www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/
The Global Shift in R&D Alliances: Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) and the Quest for the ‘Base of the Pyramid’ (BOP) markets
Started January 2012.
Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Yuko Aoyama (Graduate School of Geography, Clark University)
In this research study, funded by the National Science Foundation, USA, we focus on the new geography of corporate R&D locations as a combined outcome of product development, innovation process, and organizational innovation. First, the growing interest among MNEs in the BOP market is a new yet under-researched theme in the geography of R&D decentralization. Second, how firms access and cultivate market intelligence in the innovation process remains surprisingly unknown, especially in the context of emerging markets. Finally, organizational innovation is observed in emerging economies, where MNEs are devising new ways to access market intelligence by forging alliances with NGOs. The emerging partnership between MNEs and NGOs has implications for both the economic and welfare potential of developing countries. Furthermore, it calls for an understanding of a newly emerging form of economic governance in which for-profit and non-profit entities increasingly interact in various dimensions of their operations.