Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Sarita Seshagiri

The concept of identity is one of the fundamental intersections between individuals and societies as also between citizens and states. There are multiple elements to identity. No single entity controls, issues, negates, validates or determines identities.

Multiplicity of identities challenges the advancement and standardization of digital services for transactions, service delivery and entitlements, as constructed and used by individuals.

The project involves examining identity from the perspective of individuals and households, transacting with multiple entities such as the state, or private actors and social groups.

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Started January 2014, Ongoing.

Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Amit Prakash

This project aims to study the role of Indian engineers in the construction of modern India in a socio-historical perspective. Three main questions will direct this study. The first will look into the inter-linkages between the rapid development of the profession and the evolution of the stratification of the Indian society. The second axis of enquiry will analyse the role played by engineers in the economic development of the country. The last axis will study the recomposition of the professional group in the context of the globalization of the job market. IIIT Bangalore is involved in this research project, funded by , as a consortium partner with other French and Indian higher education institutes. The specific strand being studied at CITAPP as a part of this research project involves the evolving interaction between the Information Technology industry and engineering education in India.

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Started January 2012, Ongoing.

Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Yuko Aoyama (Graduate School of Geography, Clark University)

In this research study, funded by the National Science Foundation, USA, we focus on the new geography of corporate R&D locations as a combined outcome of product development, innovation process, and organizational innovation. First, the growing interest among MNEs in the BOP market is a new yet under-researched theme in the geography of R&D decentralization. Second, how firms access and cultivate market intelligence in the innovation process remains surprisingly unknown, especially in the context of emerging markets. Finally, organizational innovation is observed in emerging economies, where MNEs are devising new ways to access market intelligence by forging alliances with NGOs. The emerging partnership between MNEs and NGOs has implications for both the economic and welfare potential of developing countries. Furthermore, it calls for an understanding of a newly emerging form of economic governance in which for-profit and non-profit entities increasingly interact in various dimensions of their operations.