Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Sarita Seshagiri

The concept of identity is one of the fundamental intersections between individuals and societies as also between citizens and states. There are multiple elements to identity. No single entity controls, issues, negates, validates or determines identities.

Multiplicity of identities challenges the advancement and standardization of digital services for transactions, service delivery and entitlements, as constructed and used by individuals.

The project involves examining identity from the perspective of individuals and households, transacting with multiple entities such as the state, or private actors and social groups.

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Started October 2015, Ongoing.

Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Elisa Oreglia (Lecturer, School of Oriental and African Studies, London)

This project has been awarded a research grant by the Institute for Money, Technology & Financial Inclusion (IMTFI) at the School of Social Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. The fieldwork for the project will take place in 2015-16 and will explore the roles played by financial intermediaries in agricultural markets in Myanmar and India. It will examine what value intermediaries bring to monetary and financial transactions on the one hand, and what value these transactions bring to the lives of intermediaries on the other. The project hopes to explain why promises of disintermediation languish and financial intermediaries persist in the digital age.

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Started August 2015, Ongoing.

Investigators: Janaki Srinivasan, Bidisha Chaudhuri

This project is funded by International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and administered by Singapore Internet Research Centre (SIRC) at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore under the research programme called Strengthening Information Societies Research Capacity Alliance III (SIRCA III). The project draws on critical information studies and social practice theory to build a framework to understand the implications of Open Information Systems from the points of view of those who access these systems.

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Started February 2015, Ongoing.

Investigator:  V. Sridhar

This study is funded by the South Asia Network of Economic Research Institutes (SANEI) as a part of 16th Round Regional Research Competition.

Though there have been a number of studies on the impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on economic development, there is dearth of research on the impact of cross-border digital flows on economies of associated countries.

This project categorizes digital flows (inflow and outflow) as follows:

(i) the telephone calls and Internet traffic
(ii) value of Information Technology (IT) services provided across countries
(iii) investments in the ICT sectors across countries.

First, this study estimates the effects of the above digital flows on economic development across select low and upper middle income countries as defined by the World Bank. Next, this model is used to closely analyze the inter-country flows across the South Asian countries. A System Dynamics model is built to simulate various policy initiatives and their effect on trans-border digital flows. Based on the analysis, policy gaps will be identified and policy directives prescribed for improving trade based on digital flows across these countries.

Started January 2015, Ongoing.

Investigator:  V. Sridhar

This study is funded by IIMA IDEA Telecom Center of Excellence (IITCOE).

To overcome the capacity constraints of radio resources, flexible spectrum management approaches have been advocated by many including the creation of secondary markets for radio spectrum. Secondary market transactions in spectrum involve trading (involving a transfer of property rights), leasing (involving a transfer of usage but not property rights), and sharing (involving non-exclusive assignment of a spectrum band).

The project aims at a comprehensive study of the non-exclusive use of spectrum in India using the following:

  1. Development and Empirical analysis of theoretical models
  2. Estimation of the value of unlicensed spectrum in India
  3. Study of Spectrum Management frameworks  and international best practices

Started December 2014, Ongoing.

Investigators: Amit Prakash, Jillet Sarah Sam (IIT Kanpur), Gopal Naik (IIM Bangalore

A consortium led by IIM Bangalore is implementing a tele-education programme entitled Satellite and Advanced Multimedia Education (SAME) in 1000 rural government and aided schools in Karnataka. SAME is aimed to address various obstacles that exist in the present government rural educational institutions by providing satellite-based live interactive quality training with multimedia content for rural students from Std. V to X. This research study, on which CITAPP is collaborating with IIMB  aims to evaluate the extent to which students’ performance is affected by the tele-education intervention. The study is also concerned with challenges of technology management in rural areas in terms of institutional mechanisms, human resource capacities and issues of sustainability of technology-enabled rural public delivery systems.

Started January 2014, Ongoing.

Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Mandar Kulkarni

Funded by the Wallenberg Foundations, this project focuses on the interplay between knowledge bases, regional variety and global innovation networks in a global perspective to understand how and explain why firms use global innovation networks (GINs) to innovate and to analyse the impact of the use of GINs for firms and regional dynamics. This project will contribute significantly to the understanding of the dynamics and processes behind the globalization of innovation. IIIT Bangalore is involved in this project as a partner in a multi-country consortium led by Lund University, Sweden.

Started January 2014, Ongoing.

Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Amit Prakash

This project aims to study the role of Indian engineers in the construction of modern India in a socio-historical perspective. Three main questions will direct this study. The first will look into the inter-linkages between the rapid development of the profession and the evolution of the stratification of the Indian society. The second axis of enquiry will analyse the role played by engineers in the economic development of the country. The last axis will study the recomposition of the professional group in the context of the globalization of the job market. IIIT Bangalore is involved in this research project, funded by ANR (L’Agence nationale de la recherche), as a consortium partner with other French and Indian higher education institutes. The specific strand being studied at CITAPP as a part of this research project involves the evolving interaction between the Information Technology industry and engineering education in India.

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Started January 2012, Ongoing.

Investigators: Balaji Parthasarathy, Yuko Aoyama (Graduate School of Geography, Clark University)

In this research study, funded by the National Science Foundation, USA, we focus on the new geography of corporate R&D locations as a combined outcome of product development, innovation process, and organizational innovation. First, the growing interest among MNEs in the BOP market is a new yet under-researched theme in the geography of R&D decentralization. Second, how firms access and cultivate market intelligence in the innovation process remains surprisingly unknown, especially in the context of emerging markets. Finally, organizational innovation is observed in emerging economies, where MNEs are devising new ways to access market intelligence by forging alliances with NGOs. The emerging partnership between MNEs and NGOs has implications for both the economic and welfare potential of developing countries. Furthermore, it calls for an understanding of a newly emerging form of economic governance in which for-profit and non-profit entities increasingly interact in various dimensions of their operations.